USER INSTRUCTIONS OUTDOORS
Please read the following instructions and recommendations. Exercise CAUTION at all times for the safe enjoyment of a chimenea or fire bowl. Please keep these instructions in a safe place so you can read them again from time to time.
ALWAYS FOLLOW THE USER INSTRUCTIONS Failure to do so may result in personal injury or fires spreading to property. Please remember you are dealing with a real fire.
PLACE your chimenea or fire bowl on a FLAT surface; you should NOT place it on a sloping surface where it might tip over.
This should be a NON-FLAMMABLE surface such as stone, gravel or bricks. Do not place on grass which may turn brown. Do not place on wood which may turn brown or catch fire. DO NOT PLACE ON DECKING which may turn brown or catch fire. You may protect wooden decking with a Gardeco FLOOR PROTECTOR or use bricks or concrete slabs.
DO NOT place your chimenea or fire bowl near bushes or plants or under trees; the heat will damage the leaves and is a fire risk.
DO NOT place your chimenea or fire bowl under an awning; it will burn or melt.
DO NOT place your chimenea or fire bowl near garden furniture, especially made of fabric or woven plastic, which may melt or catch fire. We recommend at least one metre minimum distance.
DO NOT make a real fire inside a conservatory, summer house or garden shed. Chimeneas or fire bowls burning wood, coal or charcoal can only be used outside, because fumes and gases from the fire are poison ous and dangerous to health. Carbon monoxide gas has no colour nor odour and is deadly.
You can use your chimenea or fire bowl indoors ONLY WHEN USING WITH THE GARDECO CHIM BURNER AND BIO-ETHANOL FUEL.
DO NOT touch the chimenea or fire bowl when burning, the surface is hot and you will burn your fingers.
Protect your hands with a Gardeco FIRE GLOVE. We recommend that gloves are used at all times.
DO NOT allow pets near the fire.
DO NOT allow children especially small children to play or run around the fire. Use a Gardeco CHIMENEA GUARD to prevent small children coming close to the fire.
DO NOT over fuel the chimenea or fire bowl. If flames are coming out of the top of the chimenea, then the fire is too large!
DO NOT PANIC if fuel falls out of the chimenea or fire bowl or for any reason flames spread out from the fire, simply extinguish spreading flames with earth, sand or water or use a Gardeco FIRE BLANKET to smother the flames.
DO NOT throw water on a real fire other than in an extreme emergency.
DO NOT use petrol, paraffin or fire lighters to start the fire (or as a fuel). The best method is balled newspaper and dry kindling, such as Gardeco OCOTE sticks. The best fuel is wood or charcoal.
NEVER LEAVE A BURNING CHIMENEA OR FIRE BOWL UNATTENDED. Failure to do so may result in the fire spreading out of control and damage or destruction of property. Please ensure the fire is completely out before leaving the chimenea or fire bowl unattended.
DO NOT attempt to move any real patio fire while the fire is burning.
We advise against using a real patio fire when it is windy. Strong wind may tip over a chimenea which is a fire risk. Wind may disperse burning material, which is a fire risk, particularly if the surroundings are very dry.
PLEASE be a good neighbour and be reasonable in the use of your patio fire, keep smoke and noise to a minimum.
SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS FOR YOUR CLAY CHIMENEA
This is a handmade clay product. Use your clay chimenea or fire bowl for warmth and outdoor cooking. It is beautiful to look as a garden decoration.
Clay chimeneas or fire bowls are like outdoor radiators, the clay is heated by the fire and gentle warmth will radiate out. It is not necessary to make a large fire, one or two logs is sufficient.
You can cook on clay chimeneas or fire bowls. The belly of chimeneas acts like an oven, so barbecuing or cooking a pizza is quick and easy, so is using any of the Gardeco long-handled tools. Gardeco sell cast iron pots specifically designed to fit into the top of the funnel cooking stews and soups quickly.
Clay chimeneas or fire bowls are fragile, so care needs to be taken to avoid damage. Clay chimeneas or fire bowls may CRACK, CHIP OR BREAK if dropped or knocked over or due to thermal shock or if left outside in the frost.
To avoid dropping or knocking the chimenea or fire bowl over, handle the chimenea or fire bowl with care at all times. Do not Â“let goÂ” of the chimenea or fire bowl, particularly on hard floors, but gently lower it so there as little impact as possible. Dropping a clay chimenea or fire bowl, even from 5cm high may break, crack or chip it. If transporting it in the car, make sure it is not allowed to move around, and we recommend the addition of blankets or bubble-wrap. High winds may tip the chimenea or fire bowl over, so be mindful of where it is situated and how to avoid this. Similarly, do not bang into the chimenea or fire bowl with hard or heavy objects.
Do not throw fuel into a clay chimenea or fire bowl. The impact may crack the clay or tip the chimenea or fire bowl over which is dangerous. Do not drag or move a chimenea or fire bowl on its stand: it may fall off and break. To move a chimenea or fire bowl, lift it off the stand, re-position the stand, and lift the chimenea or fire bowl back on. Gardeco supply special wheeled stands for larger chimeneas, so they can be moved around without having to take them off stands.
THERMAL SHOCK is a technical terms used to describe clay cracking due to the heat of the fire.
The main principle to avoid thermal shock is no large temperature variations in a short period of time, and not too large a fire. Here is some advice to help prevent it:
- Before lighting, put 50 mm (2 inches) of Gardeco LAVA STONES or sand/gravel in the bottom to protect the base from direct heat. Failure to do this may crack your clay chimenea or fire bowl.
- Start the fire with balled newspaper, dry kindling or Gardeco OCOTE sticks. NEVER use petrol or spirit based lighting fuels. They may crack your chimenea or fire bowl.
- Do two or three small fires at first. This "cures" the clay, making it harder and more resistant to thermal shock. The more your chimenea or fire bowl is fired, the harder the clay becomes.
- It is essential to allow the clay chimenea or fire bowl to warm up slowly by keeping the fire small for the first 20 minutes (even after initial curing). Add more firewood but do not build a large roaring fire which may crack the chimenea or fire bowl and is dangerous.
- Never feed fuel through the funnel of the chimenea.
- Do not over-fuel the chimenea or fire bowl. You are over-fuelling the chimenea if flames come out of the top of the funnel. If flames are showing out of the funnel, do not add more fuel until the flames disappeared and no longer visible outside of the chimenea or fire bowl. You may space the logs in the belly to reduce the flames.
- Be mindful of the outside temperature. The colder the air temperature, the more likely the occurrence of thermal shock, because temperature difference is a factor in thermal shock.
- ALWAYS REMOVE the lid off the funnel when firing the chimenea. Failure to do so will increase the temperature inside the chimenea and may cause the chimenea to crack.
- Never extinguish the fire with water, this may crack the chimenea or fire bowl.
- The tell-tale signs of thermal shock are cracks appearing on the chimenea or fire bowl. Any cracks can be repaired with Gardeco CHIM-FILLER which is a type of fire cement and the chimenea or fire bowl may continue to be used.
- Thermal shock may make a Â‘pingingÂ’ sound, and vertical or horizontal cracks will appear. Large cracks may render the chimenea or fire bowl unsafe and we recommend that chimeneas or fire bowls with large structural cracks not be used for fires.
- Thermal shock is not dependant on the age of the chimenea or fire bowl or the number of times it has been used and may occur on the first firing.
FROST DAMAGE including chipping or cracking may occur when clay chimeneas or fire bowls are left outside in the winter without protection or a cover. Clay is a porous material and absorbs water. If the chimenea or fire bowl is water sodden and the temperature drops to below zero degrees Celsius, the water inside the clay will freeze and expand and crack the clay. This is a natural phenomenon which cannot be prevented.
Here is some advice to help prevent frost damage:
- Keep the chimenea fire bowl dry.
- Bring it inside, out of the frost, for the winter.
- Protect the chimenea or fire bowl with Gardeco CHIM-PROTECT: this makes the clay less porous but is not a 100% guarantee if left un-protected.
- Cover the chimenea ore fire bowl with a Gardeco CHIMENEA COVER if you cannot bring it inside. Make sure the chimenea or fire bowl is dry before covering it up, otherwise you will be enclosing the moisture. Gardeco supply many covers suitable for all chimenea and fire bowl sizes.
-Use a Gardeco WINTERCOAT which is a padded cover. This will help prevent the chimenea freezing and is a much better protection than the standard cover.
- Frost damage can be repaired with Gardeco CHIM-FILLER, a type of fire cement.
Clay chimeneas do not like to be left in a damp environment for too long. It weakens their structure. If your chimenea or fire bowl has been allowed to become sodden with rainwater for a while, or has been kept unprotected in a cold and wet environment, wait for it to dry before using.
Gardeco offer no guarantees against cracking of clay chimeneas or fire bowls and will not exchange or refund cracked products.
You may use dry wood logs or charcoal fuel. Clay chimeneas and other patio fires can be used to burn garden refuse such as leaves or branches.
Wet logs will create a lot of smoke, use seasoned or kiln dried wood to minimise smoke.
When cooking use locally made charcoal from renewable forests with minimal transport cost. Gardeco Wyre Forest Charcoal is made in the Wyre Forest in the UK West Midlands following ancient rural methods.
Gardeco CHIMLOGS, which are made from recycled sawdust and burn slowly with little smoke.
For a fire without firelighters or kindling, use the Gardeco FIRELOG (smokeless fuel), a wax impregnated sawdust briquette, wrapped in a paper. Just light both ends of the paper and the log will burn for about 2½ hours. Do not use Gardeco Fire Logs for cooking.
Protect hands with Gardeco FIRE GLOVES when adding fuel. The more fuel is added, the more intense the heat, the larger the flames. Do not over-fuel the fire.
Use a Gardeco POKER to reposition logs inside the patio fire.
If the fire is slow to start, more air will help, use a Gardeco BELLOW to blow extra air into a slow fire.
Safety is our main concern, so please use a CHIMENEA GUARD to keep small fingers away from the fire.
MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS FOR YOUR CLAY CHIMENEA
With use the paint finish on your chimenea or fire bowl will change and discolour, and there will be blackening around the rim. The bigger the fires, the faster the paint finish will change.
A clay chimenea or fire bowl can be re-painted with ordinary household emulsion paint after removing any loose paint. The shiny gloss effect paint finish will peel and burn when heated to a high temperature and will peel off if left outside in the winter. Gardeco offer no guarantees on the paint finish.
The stand is made of steel and will rust. To reduce the likelihood of rusting bring the chimenea or fire bowl and stand inside or protect with a Gardeco weatherproof cover. Ideally, bring inside for the winter.
Stands can be repainted.
Rust runs may mark flooring, slabs, and patios, so if you are worried about marking, protect your flooring.
A discoloured chimenea or fire bowl on a rusty stand is still fit for purpose and can continue to be used.
Cracks in the clay may be repaired with Gardeco CHIM-FILLER and continue to be used. If a large structural crack appears, stop using the chimenea or fire bowl and dispose of it or use it for decorative purposes. All clay chimeneas crack eventually.
USING THE BIO-ETHANOL CHIM BURNER INDOORS
Bio-ethanol burns without smoke, soot or ash. Simply position your chimenea in an safe place in your house, and it turns into a real flame decorative heater! NEVER move your chimenea while the fuel is burning or when there is fuel left inside the Chim Burner.
Please read, retain and follow the instructions and recommendations and use caution at all times for the safe enjoyment of your chimenea and bio-ethanol Chim Burner.
DO NOT put on carpets, wooden or plastic flooring which may mark or catch fire.
DO NOT place your chimenea near curtains, soft furnishings which may melt or catch fire. We recommend a minimum distance of 1 metre from any such materials.
DO NOT place your chimenea near plants or items sensitive to heat. They will be affected by the heat and it is a fire risk.
DO NOT place your chimenea where it is likely to be knocked over or bumped into.
DO NOT place your chimenea under or near electrical cables or installations. It is dangerous.
DO NOT place your chimenea underneath lamps or other fittings. It is dangerous and a fire risk.
DO NOT lean over the fire and flames. Hair burns at low temperature and very quickly.
DO NOT bring your face near the flames.
DO NOT cover or leave clothes or newspapers on or near the chimenea. They are a fire risk.
DO NOT use the chimenea to dry clothes which may catch fire.
DO NOT allow children, especially small children near the chimenea. Especially DO NOT allow children to play or run around the fire. It is NOT a toy. KEEP pets away from the chimenea.
OBSERVE the minimum room size requirements of 22 cubic metres. DO NOT place the chimenea in an unventilated room.
DO NOT leave a fire unattended at any time. We recommend placing a fire extinguisher near to your fire as a safety precaution.
COOKING ON A CHIMENEA OR FIRE BOWL OR BBQ
Special care and attention is necessary when cooking on a chimenea or fire bowl to avoid contamination by smoke or soot. All cooking accessories MUST BE THOROUGHLY CLEANED BEFORE USE. BBQ grills and accessories are coated with vegetable oil during manufacture but may have gathered dirt and dust therefore must be thoroughly washed in hot water and detergent, check all dirt is removed.
After cleaning and drying, cooking accessories are best lightly coated with vegetable cooking oil before use. After use, they must washed clean with hot water and detergent and coated with vegetable cooking oil before storing. NEVER USE MINERAL OIL.
If you do not oil cooking accessories they will rust, this could happen after first use. If you wash cooking accessories with water and don’t coat with cooking oil rust can occur in a matter of hours.
After use the surfaces of the cooking accessories in direct contact with the fire will be covered in black carbon soot. Soot can be washed off with hot water and household detergent or washing up liquid. Be careful because black soot residues will mark surfaces, tea towels or washing up cloths. All soot must be removed before oiling and storage.
Do not cook on flames, if you do this there will be a soot residue on the food, which is unhealthy. Be aware wood is often treated with preservatives which are toxic and can contaminate the food.
When cooking use dry wood or charcoal, and allow the wood gas to burn off as flames to leave hot glowing embers, cook on the embers.
If meat releases fat onto the hot embers which makes a flame, move the meat away from the flame.
Keep a spray bottle of water handy to squirt on any flames.
Used a cast iron pan to grill meat rather than placing directly on a grill.
Alternatively wrap food in aluminium foil to prevent contamination.
FOOD HYGIENE AND SAFETY
When cooking outdoors take care food is kept in hygienic conditions.
DO NOT leave meats in the sun or outside in hot weather, keep cool and covered with a clean cloth.
DO NOT leave butter in the sun or uncovered.
Keep meat and vegetables in separate dishes to avoid cross contamination with fluids.
Only bring food out into the garden before cooking and it should be consumed after cooking as soon as possible. Food should be eaten while hot, immediately after coming out of the fire. Dispose of any cooked food not eaten.
MAKE SURE meat is thoroughly cooked.
When cooking accessories are taken out of the fire, they are hot and need to be put onto a hard non-flammable surface, so the contents of the cooking accessory can be removed.
DO NOT place the cooking accessory on the patio, grass, earth or directly on the ground.
DO NOT put hot cooking accessories directly onto wood, furniture, plates, crockery or plastic surface.
Parts of the cooking accessories in direct contact with the fire may become covered with carbon soot.
Make sure you do not contaminate your food with soot.
CAREFUL HOT! DO NOT TOUCH, steel and cast iron cooking accessories are very hot when taken out of the fire, do not touch with your fingers, protect hands with Gardeco FIRE GLOVES.
Cast iron cooking accessories can remain hot after use, so ALWAYS be very careful and cautious when handling cast iron cooking accessories.
DO NOT allow children to handle any of the cooking accessories.
NEVER leave a cooking accessory in the fire unattended. If you leave food in the fire, it will be burnt and inedible.
HINTS AND TIPS
Cast iron accessories should be pre-heated for best results.
Always coat the inside with oil or butter of all accessories to prevent food sticking.
Butter tastes better than oil for waffles and pancakes.
A small brush is useful for oiling or buttering surfaces.
A flat spatula is useful to release foods from the accessory.
WHICH COOKING ACCESSORIES SHOULD I USE?
Gardeco cooking accessories are specially designed for use in chimeneas, fire bowls, barbecues or outdoor fires.
The materials used are suitable for the greater intensity of outdoor fires, with long handles to ensure ease of use without burning your hands. It is NOT ADVISABLE TO USE KITCHEN PANS OR POTS to cook on patio fires. Kitchen pans may be designed for fires of less intensity and coated with plastic based non-stick materials which may melt in patio fires. Gardeco cooking accessories are designed for cooking food on an open fire.
The Gardeco COOKING IRON is perfect for burgers, sausages, vegetables; it is multi-purpose.
The Gardeco TOASTIE IRON makes tasty sandwich toasties.
The Gardeco FRYING PAN is great for steaks, bacon, frying tomatoes and fried eggs.
The Gardeco POP CORN POPPER is great for entertaining children, who love watching popping corn.
The Gardeco PANCAKE PAN for making pancakes.
The Gardeco WAFFLE IRON for making waffles.
The Gardeco CHESTNUT PAN for roasting tasty chestnuts and can be used for cooking food wrapped in aluminium foil.
The Gardeco TOASTING FORK makes delicious toast and marshmallows, or to warm rolls or croissants.
The Gardeco PIZZA STONE is great for making pizzas the Italian way.
Use the Gardeco removable CHIM BBQ GRILL on clay chimeneas, for cooking food on BBQ grill
Your cast iron or steel chimenea may already be equipped with a SWIVELLING BBQ GRILL, made of either chromed steel or cast iron for barbecuing on your chimenea. These can also now be purchased separately from the chimenea.
The Gardeco SWIVELLING HOT PLATES AND FRYING PANS can be fitted in place of the BBQ grill on most steel
All cooking accessories, whether supplied with the product or separately must be washed before first use to remove any dirt due to manufacture or packaging operations. We recommend you wash them before use every time subsequently, even if they were put away clean.
All cast iron cooking accessories including BBQ grills and hot plates are coated with vegetable oil to stop rusting when you first receive them. After use, all cooking accessories need to be cleaned in soapy water to remove soot and cooking residue. Dry them well after cleaning and immediately coat them with vegetable oil before putting away. Failure to coat with vegetable oil will mean the accessory will start rusting. NEVER use mineral oil
which is harmful to human health. For cooking accessories purchased separately from this product, follow the cooking instructions supplied with the packaging.
If your chimenea is equipped with a swivelling cast iron BBQ grill, remember to remove and wash it thoroughly and coat it with vegetable oil before and after use. Put food directly onto the BBQ grill, either pre-heated or not. For pizzas, use the pizza stone. Use the multi-purpose tool provided to swivel the BBQ grill in and out. Never touch the BBQ grill with your hands while hot. A cast iron BBQ grill will remain hot a long time after use, even if taken out of the chimenea.